What Meds

Nonverbal Learning Disorders

Since the DSM IV does not have a separate diagnosis for this learning disability, the following information is excerpted from current literature related to this disorder. Research into NLD suggests that it is a neurological problem related to destruction or injury to the white matter of the brain in the right hemisphere, this may diminish communication with the left hemisphere. This is frequently a difficult diagnosis to make since the compensatory mechanisms of advanced speech and memorization skills imply a normal educational aptitude. However, as the child matures and learning becomes more dependent upon abstractions, particularly in areas of non-verbal ability such as spatial, motor, and social relationships, this deficit becomes more apparent. The three broad aspects of development in which NLD presents are: 1.) motor skills; 2.) visual-spatial organization and 3.) perception of social cues.

The child who cannot understand nonverbal cues is often perceived as rude, impolite, or lacking in respect for others. This can be very frustrating for a child and adults can assist these children with coping mechanisms to overcome their disability. A teacher or parent may suspect NLD when there is an appreciable difference between verbal IQ and performance IQ using standardized testing such as the WISC-III.

Some clues to problems or deficits related to NLD:that children may possess. (not all will be present)

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